About the Perpetual Motion Machines... In this type of machines always paradoxes supposedly without solutions were created, some of them talked about to the violation of the first law of the thermodynamics, also well-known like principle of conservation of energy. In this system which we will develop with base in the technology of magnetic levitation is not a system that depends on a thermoelectrical process, but of mechanical and electromagnetic processes...

Thursday, March 15, 2007

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Thursday, September 28, 2006

Description of the EMLP Turbine...

Brief description of the ElectroMagnetic Levitation and Propulsion Turbine (EMLP Turbine)

The EMLP Turbine is a perpetual motion machine, its function is to generate electricity using electromagnets that make a levitation of a turbine and the section of the rotor (shaft) of an electricity generator, and of this form the forces of gravity and the friction are neutralized.

This machine is able to generate great amounts of electrical energy without depending of natural or artificial power source (aeolian energy, hydraulic energy, solar energy, atomic energy of nuclear fission, etc.), in fact only uses a part of the electrical energy that she itself will produce.

In this machine in individual, the electromagnets use electricity to activate, is used electricity to generate electricity, its better to say, the key is here to generate great amounts of electricity using an amount very little of electricity, a significantly very small amount.

This is possible, thanks for a side to the levitation of the turbine that neutralizes the force of the gravity and the friction, and by other side, to the storage of the electricity that would excite these electromagnets in batteries. The electrical energy used by the electromagnets would mean, in theory, less of 3% of the total of the electrical energy produced by the generator (alternator or dynamo). Once the batteries must be recharged, the system will have to be connected to the lines of distribution of electricity of the same turbine, is same to say will be fed electrically on its same power production.

In this system no losses of energy by heat because there are no surfaces in contact, the only energy loss would be the heat produced by the excitation of the electromagnets, but this energy loss irrelevant would be compared to the energy that will produce the system, in addition we must remember that this system does not depend on a thermoelectrical process, but of electromagnetic and mechanical processes; the mechanical energy originated by the rotating propulsion (electromagnetic) of the generator rotor (alternator or dynamo) will transform that energy into electricity.


Magnetic Levitation Technologies...

The variations of the technology of systems of magnetic levitation are three specifically:

1. PMS (Permanent Magnetic System) or Inductrack.
2. EDS (ElectroDynamic Suspension)
3. EMS (ElectroMagnetic Suspension)

The technology to use to construct Turbine LPEM will depend to a large extent on the decisions of the manufacturers and the relation between cost and benefit.

For this project so much to the system has been considered EMS (Electromagnetic Suspension) developed by Transrapid International, by to be highly efficient in terms of use of energy like a the Permanent Magnetic System (PMS or Inductrack).

The EDS System as in the case of the superconducting ones used by the Japanese technology of magnetic levitation it needs a cooling system by liquid nitrogen or helium, this turns it a system more expensive than the other two mentioned.

Recent American investigations about the permanent magnetic technology (Inductrack) have allowed of which permanent magnets with alloys of neodymium, iron and boron are sufficiently powerful like so that the produced magnetic force he is able to move (to create levitation) the weight of a train loaded with these magnets which would allow that this technology also can be used for the construction of a EMLP Turbine.
For more information visit:
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

EMS (ElectroMagnetic Suspension)

Using the system EMS and previous data about the vehicles MAGLEVs and its corresponding power potential it is possible to be inferred that this system of magnetic levitation would remarkably diminish the energy consumed in an ideal system of perpetual motion, the values could to being inferior to 3%.

The technology EMS can create a levitation of 15 tons, and this no affects the acceleration (rotating propulsion of the system), this makes a system with great power potential.
For more information visit:
Transrapid Internacional Web Site


Analyzing the previous data the following thing is deduced:

To move a turbine of a one meter of diameter at a speed of 400 km/h considers the distance to be crossed by the system. The Formula Perimeter = π by Diameter it indicates that the value of the perimeter (of a circumference) arises to multiply the value of Pi (3,14) by the value of the diameter.

1 meter by 3,14 is equal to 3,14 meters

To obtain the speed of rotation we would apply the following mathematical operation, considering that 400 km/h is equal to 6666.67 meters per minute. This would give by result the speed of rotation (rpm) considering that the movement is to circulate and uniform.

6666,67 meters per minute / 3,14 meters = 2123,14 rpm

Deductible it is possible to be calculated that for certain number of rpm turning a rotor of a one meter of diameter is equal at a certain speed in km/h.

To arrive at 3000 rpm would be needed a speed 9420 m/min what represents 565 km/h. At the speed of 1200 km/h a turbine of a meter of diameter would turn to more than 6000 rpm.


Detailed description of the ElectroMagnetic Levitation and Propulsion Turbine (EMLP Turbine)


Figure Nº 3: Parts and principle of operation of the system of ElectroMagnetic Levitation and Propulsion Turbine (EMLP Turbine) View cross-sectional lateral.

1. Levitated or suspended section, area for the shelter of the batteries.
2. Aerodynamic compartments for the shelter of the batteries.
3. Batteries that they will electrically feed the support electromagnets (levitation) in the levitated section.
4. System of feeding (cables) electrical that transports the energy to the support electromagnets in the levitated section.
5. Support Electromagnets (type stator; to create the levitation of the suspended section)
6. Support Electromagnets in the immovable section (rotor type; to create the levitation, the acceleration and halting of the movable section)
7. Generators located between the sections to recharge the batteries of the levitated section.
8. Support Structure; immovable section.
9. Section of connection between the shaft of the turbine and the rotor (shaft) of the electricity generator.
10. System of feeding (cables) electrical that transports the energy to the electromagnets guides and those of support in the immovable section, connected to inverter dc/ac to or directly to batteries or a source of alternating current.
11. Electromagnets guides (to maintain in a fixed place the shaft of the turbine and to avoid possible frictions with the internal wall of the immovable section)
12. Generator (alternator or dynamo) of electricity.
13. Inverter dc/ac connected to batteries.
14. Batteries connected to a power plant of alternating current to recharge them constantly.
15. System of power supply connected to the lines of distribution to recharge the batteries.
16. Rings to storage the energy produced by the electricity generator.


We detailed here, part of the principle of operation of the EMLP Turbine


The weight of the turbine and the section of the generator rotor of electricity are neutralized by the force of levitation of the support electromagnets placed between the levitated section or suspended section and to the immovable section of support (Figure Nº 3; items 1 and 8). This system is able to create a levitation of 15 tons, and this no affects the acceleration (rotating propulsion of the turbine), this makes a system with great power potential.

The levitation also suppresses the friction (contact between surfaces). Due to this, the energy to rotate the rotor of a generator is minimum. And will be necessary only 4.7 kWh to generate a force sufficient to rotate the shaft of the turbine to more than 2,000 rpm, transferring that mechanical energy to the generator rotor of the electricity (Figure Nº 3; item 9) enormous amounts of energy will be produced, with a near power or superior to 150 MW, which would surpass to the benefits of present wind turbines and it would be equaled to the thermoelectrical turbines efficiency.

The system of power supply (Figure 3; item 10) that transports the energy from the inverter dc/ac connected to the batteries to the support electromagnets of the immovable section can be replaced directly by a source of originating alternating current of the lines of distribution once the turbine has begun to produce electrical energy. We must consider that, in the case of an electrical power station, the first turbine will be able to provide sufficient energy (alternating current) to activate the support electromagnets of the other turbines.

To recharge the batteries of the immovable section or support the system will have to be connected to the lines of distribution of electricity of the same turbine, is to say will be fed electrically on its same power production, but an observation must here become important. The inverter dc/ac (Figure 3; item 13) will be necessary when production of electrical energy on the part of the system of EMLP Turbine still does not exist. The inverter is used to generate the alternating current to cause the rotating propulsion of levitated section. As it increases the frequency of the alternating current increases the speed of rotation of the turbine. For that reason, when counting on a production of electrical energy, the system of power supply could be connected directly to the lines of distribution of energy, replacing to the batteries and the inverter dc/ac (Figure 3; items 13 and 14).

They are observed that the excited electromagnets (Figure 3; item 5) by means of electrical energy originating of batteries neutralizes the gravity forces and the friction, of this form the weight of the turbine and the section of the rotor of an electricity generator is equal to zero. To this type of electromagnets is denominated stator, and work in the same way that in a dynamo, creating an electromagnetic field (North and South).

The electromagnets in charge of the levitation (Figure 3; item 6) is able by means of the induction of electrical current to cause the reverse of the poles (North and South) and to create to be way the propulsion or the circular movement of the turbine and therefore rotates the shaft of the turbine connected to the generator rotor, which generates the electricity.

For a better performance, the circular motor will be divided in certain number of sections, this will avoid having the whole section of the circular motor ignited all along. This way each section will activate by a certain time, later the following one would activate and the previous one would become disconnected thus and continuously until completing a period of 24 hours.

The batteries (Figure 3; item 3) which they will feed the support electromagnets (levitation) in the levitated section electrically will recharge through generators integrated between the support electromagnets of the immovable section (Figure Nº 3; item 7).

The blue arrows indicate the circular movement (rotation) of the turbine and the rotor (coils) of the electricity generator.


Production of Electricity

If we consider the specific yield of other turbines, as those of steam and hydraulic the considered values would be deduced of the following thing:

Steam Turbine of the Thermoelectrical Power Station to Coal of Guacolda in Chile
Rated Capacity: 152 MW
Speed of the Rotor: 3,000 rpm
Total of MW per year: 1,331,520 MWh per year = 1,331 GWh/year.

Steam Turbine of the Costanera Power Station of Argentina (Unit Nº 7)
Rated Capacity: 310 MW
Speed of the Rotor:3,000 rpm
Total of MW per year: 2,715,600 MWh per year = 2,715 GWh/year

Data of the Hydroelectric “Yacyretá” Binational
Turbine Kaplan type
Rated Capacity:154 MW
Maximum Capacity:160 MW
Rated Tension:13.2 Kv
Speed of the Rotor:71.4 rpm
Rotor Diameter:16.0 m
Total of MW per year of an one turbine according to maximum power: 1,401,600 MWh per year = 1,401 GWh/year

Having it counts these data, we can infer that the power of an EMLP Turbine would be between the rates of:

152 MW, 310 even superior MW or with a speed of 3000 rotation of rpm.

Has been observed in the mentioned examples, the production of energy (in kWh) of a turbine this determining by the types of generators (alternators or dynamos) used in the hydroelectric or thermoelectrical power stations that turn the speed of rotation (rpm) electricity. For that reason, is recommendable for better performance of the speed of rotation of EMLP Turbine are used the generators of electricity which they do not have friction, in where the magnets (permanent or electromagnets) create a magnetic field able to maintain to the rotor (coils), but we must remember that the support electromagnets are able to create a levitation up to 15 tons of weight, is to say the own weight of the levitated section more the section of the generator rotor of electricity, in other words, the rotor would practically hang of the levitated section through the main shaft that connects these two parts of the system. (See Figure 2; item 9)

As an example the following estimations become:

Using the values of the thermoelectrical turbines that work to 3,000 rpm, we can consider that the energy spent of EMLP Turbine would be of 2 MW, with which we would be exaggerating or overestimating the amount of energy spent by the system.

A turbine of the Thermoelectrical Power Station of Guacolda in Chile works to 3,000 rpm with a power of 152 MW (Mega Watts per hour), supposing that EMLP Turbine has this same power, we would deduce the following thing:

EMLP Turbine:
Rated Capacity: 152 MW
Energy Production per year: 1,331,520 MW
Energy Spent: 2 MW
Energy Spent per year: 17,520 MW
Energy Production Effective per year: 1,314,000 MW
Relation of Energy Produced versus Consumed Energy: 1.32%

Using another example of turbine, like the one of the Costanera Power Station of Argentina that works to 3,000 rpm with a power of 310 MW (Mega Watts per hour), supposing that EMLP Turbine has this same power, we would deduce the following thing:

EMLP Turbine:
Rated Capacity: 310 MW
Energy Production per year: 2,715,600 MW
Energy Spent: 2 MW
Energy Spent per year: 17,520 MW
Energy Production Effective per year: 2,698,080 MW
Relation of Energy Produced versus Consumed Energy: 0,65%


Advantages of a Turbine with Levitation and Electromagnetic Propulsion (EMLP Turbine)


The technology of magnetic levitation allows to develop to discharges speeds (rpm) due to the suppression of weight and friction, therefore it represents a high power potential, high efficiency in the energy consumption, reduced ecological impact and is independent of fossil fuels, is a system that does not produce dangerous or polluting remainders. It is the ideal system for the energy creation, in all sense.

This perpetual motion machine is able to generate great amounts of electrical energy without depending of natural or artificial power source (wind energy, hydraulic energy, solar energy, atomic energy of nuclear fission, etc.), in fact only uses a part of the electrical energy that itself will produce.

The system only uses electrical energy to produce more energy, once activated will be feed back to if same, consuming the necessary energy for its operation originated of its own production.

Considering the amount of polluting agents that is generated by it burns it of fossil fuels, of coal or natural gas to generate electricity, this technology will become an ally to reduce to the high index of contamination to global level and the catastrophic consequences of the greenhouse effect derived from the global warming.

Another great advantage of this system is that it can be stopped for maintenance, obvious is due to count on a unit of reserve or replacement so that the other can leave operation.

Observations:

The values of the dimensions of EMLP Turbine are as a reference and will serve to this project for the estimation as the variables as energy used by the system and the energy produced by the same one.

The considered amount of energy used by the system could be lower valued, the real values could be greater, but of the same form, the amount of energy produced by the system also is lower valued, the real values could be extraordinarily greater, which does not affect to the proportion of relation between the energy used versus the produced energy, this system always will produce more energy of the one than it consumes. The proportion of this relation could be underneath 3%, but still in the hypothetical case that this system consumes 50% of its produced energy, this not it invalidated like a of ideal perpetual motion machine, because the produced energy does not depend on any other power source.

Figure Nº 4: Part of the immovable section of the EMLP Turbine. View from above where are observed the eight sections of the circular motor of propulsion and halting and cross-sectional lateral view.

1. Outer edge of the circular structure of support (immovable section).
2. Superior outside of the circular structure of support.
3. Inner wing section, floor where one lodges to the electromagnets (levitation) and the circular motor (electromagnets of propulsion and halting).
4. Support Electromagnets (levitation).
5. Support Electromagnets (propulsion and braking).
6. System of feeding (cables) which they directly transport the energy from the connected inverter dc/ac to batteries or from a source of originating alternating current of the lines of distribution.
7. Generators placed between the sections to recharge the batteries of the levitate section.
8. Each one of the eight sections of the circular motor of propulsion and halting of the turbine (emphasized in two colors; green clear and blue).
9. Circular opening that crosses all the immovable section from above to down for the location of the shaft of the turbine and the rotor (shaft of the generator of the electricity)
10. Support Electromagnets (levitation and propulsion) lateral view, vertical cross section.
11. Generators placed between the sections to recharge the batteries of the levitate section. Lateral view, vertical cross section.
12. Structure of support. Lateral view, vertical cross section.
13. System of power supply of the electromagnets guides and of support. Lateral view, vertical cross section.
14. Electromagnets guides. Lateral view, vertical cross section.
15. Section of the wider circular opening where the guides electromagnets are lodged here (connects the shaft of the turbine with the rotor; shaft of the electricity generator)
16. Inverter dc/ac connected to the batteries.
17. Batteries connected to the lines of electrical distribution, of this form are recharged constantly.
18. System of power supply (cables) connected to the lines of distribution.

In the case of the MAGLEVs trains the movement is linear and the electromagnets of propulsion throughout the guideway are located, the interchange of the poles of the electromagnets would impel a vehicle by means of the electromagnetic forces of attraction (the vehicle is stretched towards the front) or repulsive (the vehicle is pushed towards the front), these two electromagnetic forces is what the propulsion or the braking in the MAGLEVs vehicles creates.

As the movement in EMLP Turbine is circular, the circular motor of propulsion in sections can be divided, of this form the system would become redundant, it would be avoided to have a single ignited motor all the time and it will be avoided that in case of failures all the system lets operate. Each section of the propulsion motor can work certain time, later the following section would activate and the previous one would become disconnected so on and. This will avoid the cost of energy in heat form, since each section will work a certain time. In the Figure Nº 3 (item 8) the propulsion section is divided in eight sections (emphasized in two colors; green clear and blue), this way each section will be able to work three hours per day, later would deactivate and enter operation the next section, repeating itself the process until completing a period of 24 hours, consequently the process will begin from the beginning from the first section of propulsion.

Electromagnets guides (Figure 3; items 14) will be arranged strategically in certain parts of the immovable section to avoid that there are frictions between the shaft of the turbine and the internal walls of the support structure (immovable section) and to assure that the movable section is centered forcefully.

One of the characteristics of the electromagnets guides is that they are used in a single unit (different the levitation electromagnets who are used in pairs) and is used electromagnetic forces of a single sense; of attraction or repulsion to maintain a separation of certain distance between the movable section and the immovable section. For it, some type of susceptible metallic alloy to magnetism will have to be used in the part to attract or to repel by the electromagnet.


Figure Nº 5: Movable section of the EMLP Turbine. View from down where are observed the support electromagnets (levitation) and cross-sectional lateral view.

1. Support Electromagnets (stator type; levitation)
2. Cross section of the shaft of the turbine.
3. Outer edge of the movable section.
4. Compartments for shelter of the batteries.
5. Batteries.
6. System of feeding (cables) that transports the energy to the support electromagnets.
7. Support Electromagnets (cross-sectional lateral view).
8. Shaft of the turbine.
9. Section of connection between the shaft of the turbine and the shaft (rotor) of the electricity generator.
10. Shaft (rotor) of the electricity generator.
11. Rotor (coils) of the electricity generator.

The section of compartments of batteries (Figure 5; item 4) is divided by sections and the structure has a helical form with aerodynamic forms to diminish the resistance to the air the possible maximum.

Is also observed (Figure 5; item 9) the connection of the shaft of the turbine with the rotor (shaft) of the electricity generator. As we see here (Figure 5; item 10) the rotor would practically hang of the levitate section through the main shaft that connects these two parts of the system.

This section of the system that includes the turbine (levitate section) more the main shaft and the generator rotor of electricity can get to weigh up to 15 tons, that are the limit of weight that supports to the levitation electromagnets using technology EMS (Electromagnetic Suspension). In other words, the system can create a levitation of up to 15 tons of weight.

Figure Nº 6: Variation of the Assembly of the EMLP Turbine having an angle of 45º to position the support electromagnets. Cross-sectional lateral view.

1. Levitated or suspended section where are lodged to the batteries (immovable section)
2. Batteries that they will electrically feed the support electromagnets (levitation) in the levitate section.
3. System of power supply (cables) that will provide energy to the support electromagnets in the levitate section.
4. Support Electromagnets (levitation)
5. Support Electromagnets (levitation, propulsion and halting) in the immovable section.
6. Shaft of the turbine that is connected to the rotor (shaft) of the electricity generator.
7. Generators placed between the sections to recharge the batteries of the levitated section.
8. Opening that crosses the immovable section from above downwards, locating centered the shaft of the turbine here which it will be connected to the rotor (shaft) of the generator, the separation between the internal walls and the axis could be from 05 to 15 cm, will be due to determine a safe maximum distance to avoid frictions between these two parts.
9. Rotor (shaft) of the electricity generator.
10. System of power supply (cables) that will provide energy to the support electromagnets in the immovable section connected to an inverter dc/ac.
11. Rings to storage the energy produced by the electricity generator that transports the energy to the lines of distribution.
12. Generator (alternator or dynamo) of electricity.
13. Inverter dc/ac connected to batteries.
14. Batteries connected to the lines of distribution for its continuous charge.
15. System of power supply for charge of the batteries through a source of alternating current or directly connected to the lines of distribution.
16. Support Structure; immovable section.

In this disposition of 45º for the location of the support electromagnets (levitation, propulsion and halting) is eliminated the necessity to count with guides electromagnets. This configuration allows to greater stability when locating the levitated section in a position forcefully centered, annulling possible tangential escapes.

In this case the shaft of the turbine is diminishing its thickness as it advances downwards where it will be connected with the rotor (shaft) of the electricity generator. This configuration allows the greater one takes hold and rotor support. Also it allows to a greater stability of the levitated section and better distribution of the weight of the movable structure.

Figure Nº 7: Variation of the levitated section of the EMLP Turbine with disposition of 45º of the support electromagnets. Lateral view of the cross section.

1. Turbine (movable or levitated section); section that lodges to the batteries.
2. Batteries that they will electrically feed the support electromagnets (levitation) in the levitated section.
3. System of feeding (cables) electrical that transports the energy to the support electromagnets in the levitated section.
4. Support Electromagnets (type stator; to create the levitation of the section suspended) had in an angle 45º.
5. Connection between the shaft of the turbine and the rotor (shaft) of the electricity generator.
6. Shaft (rotor) of the electricity generator.
7. Rotor (coils) of the electricity generator.

The section of compartments of batteries (Figure 7; item 1) is divided by sections and it will be possible to be had aerodynamic forms to diminish the resistance to the air the possible maximum.

Is observed (Figure 7; items 5 and 6) the connection of the shaft of the turbine with the rotor (shaft) of the electricity generator. Same in previous cases, the rotor (Figure 7; item 7) would practically hang of the levitated section through the main shaft (Figure 7; item 6) that connects these two parts of the system.


Figure Nº 8: Part of the immovable section of EMLP Turbine. View from above where are observed the eight sections of the circular motor of propulsion and the disposition of 45º in the positioning of the electromagnets detailed by the cross-sectional lateral view.

1. Outer edge of the circular structure of support (immovable section).
2. Superior outside of the circular structure of support.
3. Inclined inner wing section to 45º, floor where one lodges to the electromagnets (levitation) and the circular motor (electromagnets of propulsion and halting).
4. Support Electromagnets (levitation).
5. Support Electromagnets (propulsion) changing his polarity (North; the south).
6. Generators placed between the sections of the circular motor to recharge the batteries of the levitated section through the support electromagnets.
7. System of feeding (cables) that directly transports the energy from the connected inverter dc/ac to batteries or from a source of originating alternating current of the lines of distribution.
8. Each one of the eight sections of the circular motor of propulsion and halting of the turbine (emphasized in two colors; green clear and blue).
9. Circular opening that crosses all the immovable section from above to down for the location of the shaft of the turbine and the rotor (shaft of the electricity generator), as it advances his thickness downwards is diminishing until the connection with the rotor (shaft) of the electricity generator.
10. Support Structure; immovable section, cross-sectional lateral view.
11. Generators placed between the sections of the circular motor to recharge the batteries of the levitated section through the support electromagnets. Lateral view, cross section.
12. Support Electromagnets (levitation, propulsion and halting), arranged to 45º. Lateral view, cross section.
13. System of power supply of the support electromagnets and the generators placed between the sections. Lateral view, cross section.
14. Circular opening. Lateral view, cross section.
15. Inverter dc/ac connected to the batteries.
16. Batteries connected to the lines of electrical distribution, of this form are recharged constantly.
17. System of power supply (cables) connected to the lines of distribution for the continuous charge of the batteries.

Is observed the details of the immovable section or and the disposition of 45º for the location of the support electromagnets (levitation, propulsion and halting).

Figure Nº 9: Variation of the EMLP Turbine in horizontal form. Lateral view of the cross section and frontal view.

1. Arm that lodges to electromagnets guides.
2. Electromagnets guides.
3. Support Electromagnets (levitation, propulsion and halting) in the immovable section.
4. Levitated, movable and rotating section.
5. Immovable section, structure of support.
6. Connection between the shaft of the turbine and the rotor (shaft) of the electricity generator.
7. Generator (alternator or dynamo) of electricity.
8. Batteries that they will electrically feed the support electromagnets (levitation) in the levitated section.
9. Support Electromagnets (type stator; to create the levitation of the suspended section).
10. System of feeding (cables) electrical that transports the energy to the support electromagnets in the levitated section.
11. System of feeding (cables) electrical that transports the energy to the electromagnets guides and those of support in the immovable section, connected to inverter dc/ac or directly to batteries or a source of alternating current.
12. Electromagnets guides (to maintain in a fixed place the shaft of the turbine and to avoid possible frictions with the internal wall of the immovable section)
13. Inverter dc/ac connected to batteries.
14. Batteries connected to a power plant of alternating current to recharge them constantly.
15. Rings to storage of the energy produced by the electricity generator.
16. System of originating power supply of the lines of distribution to recharge the batteries.
17. Arm that lodges to electromagnets guides (frontal view)
18. Support Electromagnets (levitation, propulsion and halting) in the immovable section (frontal view)
19. Support Electromagnets (type stator; to create the levitation of the suspended section) (frontal view).
20. Each one of the compartments of the shelter of the batteries (cross-sectional view frontal)
21. Batteries (cross-sectional view frontal)
22. System of feeding (cables) electrical that transports the energy to the electromagnets of support in the levitated section (cross-sectional view frontal).
23. Generators placed between the sections of the circular motor to recharge the batteries of the levitated section through the support electromagnets (frontal view)
24. Immovable section, support structure (frontal view).
25. Shaft of the turbine (cross-sectional frontal view).

This horizontal disposition would work of the same form in the vertical position, excepting that will have to study if the disposition of the electromagnets is necessary guides to center the shaft horizontally, or to avoid possible contacts between surfaces (levitated section and immovable section) and/or to maintain to the turbine in a fixed site. It is necessary to consider that this disposition exists the possibility that the stator (constituted by two permanent magnets or electromagnets with opposite polarities) of the electricity generator produces a strong electromagnetic field able to maintain in suspension the coils (rotor) in the center, in other words, the stator would fulfill the function of the electromagnets guides.



PMS (Permanent Magnetic System) or Inductrack


Figure Nº 10: Variation of the EMLP Turbine using permanent magnetic technology (Inductrack). Lateral view of the cross section.

1. Turbine (levitated section).
2. Permanent Magnets located to the sides of the circular perimeter in the levitated section.
3. Permanent magnets located throughout the circular perimeter in the internal wall of the support structure (immovable section).
4. Permanent magnets located underneath the turbine (levitated section).
5. Permanent magnets located underneath the turbine (immovable section).
6. Electrical system (current inductive).
7. Immovable section, structure of support.
8. Circular opening for location of the shaft of the turbine.
9. Shaft of the turbine that is connected to the shaft (rotor) of the electricity generator.
10. Inverter dc/ac connected to the batteries.
11. Batteries connected to an alternating power plant.
12. Connected system of power supply to the lines of distribution of electrical energy.
13. Storage system and transport of the produced electrical energy to the lines of distribution.
14. Generator (alternator or dynamo) of electricity.

A EMLP Turbine using technology PMS or Inductrack does not need electrical energy for the levitation the turbine, because the magnets are permanent, but if it needs a source alternating electrical current for the propulsion motor, whereas a EMLP Turbine using the system EMS (Electromagnetic Suspension) needs energy to activate so much the levitation electromagnets as those of propulsion.

In system PMS (Permanent Magnetic System) the similar poles are aligned so that it operates by repulsive forces and in such a way that they cancel all magnetism directed towards the opposite side.


Figure Nº 11: Variation of the levitated section of the EMLP Turbine using Inductrack technology. Lateral view of the cross section and inferior view.

1. Turbine; levitated section.
2. Permanent magnets located to the sides of the circular perimeter.
3. Permanent magnets located underneath the turbine.
4. Main shaft.
5. Rotor (coils) of the generator (alternator or dynamo) of electricity.
6. Permanent magnets located to the sides of the circular perimeter. View from down.
7. Permanent magnets located underneath the turbine. View from down.
8. Main shaft. View from down, cross section.

The blue arrows indicate the circular movement (rotation) of the turbine and the rotor (coils) of the electricity generator.

Figure Nº 12: Variation of the immovable section of support of the EMLP Turbine using Inductrack technology. Lateral view of the cross section and superior view.

1. Immovable section, structure of support.
2. Permanent magnets located throughout the circular arm of support.
3. Permanent magnets located in the floor of the support section.
4. System of power supply (current inductive) connected to an inverter dc/ac.
5. Circular opening to locate the main shaft.
6. Inverter dc/ac connected to the batteries.
7. Batteries connected to the lines of distribution of energy.
8. Connected system of power supply to the lines of distribution of energy.
9. Generator (alternator or dynamo) of electricity.
10. Storage system and transport of the energy produced by the generator to the lines of distribution.
11. External circular edge of the arms of support of the immovable section.
12. Superior external circular edge of the arms of support of the immovable section.
13. Permanent magnet induced by electrical current; propulsion electromagnet.
14. System of power supply (current inductive).
15. Circular opening for location of the main shaft.
16. Permanent support magnet (levitation).
17. Each one of the sections of the motor of propulsion emphasized in two colors; green clear and blue.